A “fresh” look is desirable at any age. The reasons for looking “tired” and “exhausted” may vary, and it is necessary, of course, to analyse the causes (stimuli) of the processes. As life expectancy increases, so do the social and leisure activities of people in the age group of 65 and older. This has also resulted in an increased demand for “revitalizing” treatments, which primarily involve non-invasive (non-surgical) techniques.
In this context, the primary focus is on issues of wrinkle formation, reduced skin elasticity and volume changes.
In wrinkle formation, a broad distinction can be made between dynamic wrinkles (caused by muscles) and gravitational wrinkles (caused by gravitation). Typical dynamic wrinkles are “glabella wrinkles”, “lofty brow” and “crow’s feet”. Examples of gravitational wrinkles are the “nasolabial fold” and “chubby cheeks”.
A negative volume will arise primarily due to reduced elasticity combined with gravity, such as “deep under-eye circles” or “sunken cheeks”.
The following methods can be applied for these reasons: